Reifenschweiler effect as Evidence for Relativistic interpretation of Casimir effect

Numerous papers have been published on anomalous heat generated by reactions between atomic gases and catalysts or nano powders. The reactions remain the subject of intense research and controversey spread across several fields of research. LENR, cold fusion, solid state systems used by Arata in Japan or Mills at Black Light Power. Most of these researchers report unushual states of matter such as Fractional hydrogen, hydrino, deuterium clusters or ultradense deuterium. Recent government reports conclude the anomalous heat is undeniable and further research is warranted regardless if this is a nuclear or another as yet unidentified energy source. Although The Haisch Moddel patent mentions Casimir cavities most papers only mention catalytic materials, a little research however reveals the Casimir geometry of the pores in the skeletal catalysts used by Black Light Power or the spacing between the Pd nano powders used by Arata. Even the permitivity of collapsing menisci in bubble fusion must take on Casimir geometry – assuming a conductive electrolyte. Based on papers describing relativistic states of hydrogen and Cavity QED I am proposing a relativistic interpretation of Casimir effect that also happens to fit results observed in the Reifenschweiler effect.
“The ‘Reifenschweiler effect’ is the observation that the beta-decay of tritium half-life 12.5 years is delayed reversibly by about 25-30% when the isotope is absorbed in 15 nm titanium-clusters in a temperature window in between 160-275 C. Remarkably at 360 C the original radioactivity reappears. The effect is absent in bulk metal. Discovered around 1960/1962 at Philips Research Eindhoven, The Netherlands Reifenschweiler extensively discussed his observation with o.a Casimir (the director of research at the time), Kistemaker (ultracentrifuge expert), and although no satisfactory explanation was found, R. was allowed to publish it. At the time a unique example as to how an electronic environment might affect nuclear phenomena.”

I am not suggesting that nuclear decay is in anyway necessary for anomalous heat but rather that nuclear decay can be utilized like dye in the water to uncover the relativistic effects induced by Casimir cavities.

Other evidence for relativistic effects on radioactive half lifes are listed by Rex research. I ignore Gamma decay as related to excess heat since we have so few dead researchers but some He-4/Alpha decay has been reported (although not near enough to account for the heat) and I am also focused on Beta decay but as a source of detection since I assume the excess heat anomaly will work at least as well with tritium as deuterium so the heat anomally could be compared to the half life delay. The Reifenschweiler effect is not presently associated with excess heat but the 15nm titanium clusters loaded with tritium in the experiment indicate conditions very similar to Rayney nickel loaded with hydrogen in the Black Light Process. If the relativistic interpretation of Casimir effect is correct, I would predict a correlation between The two effects – If tritium were used instead of hydrogen in the Black Light Process the half life delay should be in constant proportion to the anomalous heat.

Note, I still feel fusion is a side effect or result of an interim ashless chemistry/oscillation between h1 & h2. I believe
the change in Casimir force changes the relativistic environment changing the inertial frames and breaking covalent bonds so the atomic orbitals can translate to new fractional states, rebond – dropping to a lower state and releasing the energy the change in Casimir effect just reimbursed them.

 

Below is a basic description of Reifenschweiler effect  from the website of Ludwik Kowalski;

Ludwik Kowalski; 11/xx/2006 Department of Mathematical Sciences Montclair State University, Upper Montclair, NJ, 07043
About two months ago Albert Alberts, from Netherlands, mentioned some observations made by Otto Reifenschweiler. This was on the restricted Internet list for CMNS researchers. Asked for a clarification, Alberts wrote:

“The ‘Reifenschweiler effect’ is the observation that the beta-decay of tritium half-life 12.5 years is delayed reversibly by about 25-30% when the isotope is absorbed in 15 nm titanium-clusters in a temperature window in between 160-275 C. Remarkably at 360 C the original radioactivity reappears. The effect is absent in bulk metal. Discovered around 1960/1962 at Philips Research Eindhoven, The Netherlands Reifenschweiler extensively discussed his observation with o.a Casimir (the director of research at the time), Kistemaker (ultracentrifuge expert), and although no satisfactory explanation was found, R. was allowed to publish it. At the time a unique example as to how an electronic environment might affect nuclear phenomena.”

In a private e-mail message Alberts, who used to be a physics teacher, wrote: “I don't know if that work was replicated, he was invited to, I think, Sandia and later to Los Alamos to demonstrate the effect, instigated by a fellow named Cox. What I do know is that it was replicated in the Philips labs many times, supervised by the eminent Casimir at the time. The beta-rays were detected by Geiger-Mueller counters, at the time Philips had the most advanced evaporation/evacuation techniques possible. Even electron microscopy. The work was criticized by a German fellow, but Reifenschweiler retaliated. That stuff should be in his reprints.” He also wrote that he is in contact with Dr. Reifenschweiler (who is quite old) and that he has some old manuscripts. Subsequently I asked Alberts to compose an essay on Reifenschweiler effect. He agreed. His essay will be shown below as soon as it arrives. I think Reifenschweiler himself will assist in writing a good summary. Meanwhile let me mention that a French researcher, Fabrice David, also summarized Reifenschweiler effect in 2004. That was the topic of his presentation at ICCF11 (11th International Conference on Cold Fusion) in Marseilles

Recent papers and patents on anomalous heat generated by as yet unknown reactions between atomic gases and catalysts or nano powders of Casimir geometry are pointing to a strong relationship between Casimir effect and this excess energy. Based on papers describing relativistic states of hydrogen and Cavity QED I am proposing a relativistic interpretation of Casimir effect that also fits results observed in the Reifenschweiler effect .

The Casimir effect is a physical force arising from a quantized field. Two very closely spaced uncharged conductive plates without any external electromagnetic field will develop a force of attraction between themselves. In a classical description, the lack of an external field would mean that there is no field between the plates, and no force would be measured between them. From the perspective of QED( quantum electrodynamics) however, the plates do affect the virtual photons which constitute the field, This force has been measured, and is a striking example of an effect purely due to second order quantization. Dutch physicists Hendrik Casimir and Dirk Polder first proposed the existence of the force and formulated an experiment to detect it in 1948 while participating in research at Philips Research Labs. Currently Casimir force is a hurtle to be avoided at the nano level where it prevents nano construction by causing materials to clump together.

Presently Casimir effect is described as the exclusion of longer vacuum fluctuations in favor of shorter vacuum fluctuations that can fit an integer number of times between the Casimir geometry (plates) in a process called "up converting". Like two ships sitting side by side the longer waves can not fit between them which diminishes the energy between them to only the shorter waves while on the far side of each ship the energy remains undiminished and this difference in energy slowly pushes the ships towards each other. It was established by Casimir - Polder that longer wavelength Vacuum fluctuations inside a cavity are restricted as the plates get closer because they must equal a whole number of wavelengths of the decreasing space between the plates. A relativistic interpretation however states that these longer wavelength fluctuations are NOT excluded, Instead the longer wavelengths stretch space-time inside the cavity appearing shorter from our perspective outside the cavity in the same manner as a Lorentzian contraction. Inside the cavity these waveforms now exist in a different inertial frame where the distance between the plates appears adequate and they are unaware of their contraction. Below a waveform is twisted on the time axis to demonstrate how a long waveform can also appear shorter when viewed from a different inertial frame. This is still upconversion but by a relativistic means. see Relativistic interpretation of Casimir force

 

The Reifenschweiler effect is named for Otto Reifenschweiler, I am proposing that his paper "Cold Fusion and Decrease of Tritium Radioactivity" is evidence for the relativistic interpretation of Casimir effect and further supports Jan Naudts proposal of relativistic hydrogen to explain fractional hydrogen in the Black Light process. The effect delays Beta decays When tritium is absorbed into 15nm titanium clusters obviously meeting Casimir geometry and permittivity very similar to the hydrogen absorption into Rayney nickel. My theory extends Naudts suggestion of a relativistic atom into the entire environment inside a Casimir cavity being relativistic where any matter such as gas atoms simply translate to a new inertial frame courtesy of the gradient in the Casimir field supressing longer wavelengths of vacuum energy from our perspective. I am positing that the entire spectrum pivots on the time axis relative to outside the cavity such that the waveforms contract in a Lorentzian like manner to fit easily between the plates which now look further apart on the inside then they do to an observer on the outside. The fractional orbitals and other shrunken forms of hydrogen can all be interpreted as relativistic. The information we do have is that these gases must be disassociated to properly load into the lattices and Casimir cavities of these different powders and catalysts. I propose therefore that atomic gas is freer to translate between fractional states then diatomic gas similar to a Pd membrane giving us an asymetry to exploit when fractional monatoms form diatomic bonds and find their continued translation opposed by the diatomic bond. This may be the basis for anomalous heat as normally chaotic gas law suddenly finds itself in a unique position to contribute useful energy toward disassociating these "sticky" diatoms back to atomic energy levels freeing them to translate to a fractional value appropriate for the immediate Casimir geometry. The question in this theory that arises is how much of a threshold can a diatomic bond oppose before the change in the casimir force on the atomic orbitals involved snaps the diatomic bond so they can translate to a different fractional value. The clues from the Reifenschweiler paper would suggest that
a certain fractional value can exist outside the cavity!

 

The Casimir cavities in the Titanium clusters compress the Tritium atoms relativisticlly. Where T may translate to T/x but will reverse back to T on the way out of the Casimir field. Recall my posit that diatomic bonding of these fractional atoms is in opposition to this translation and the Casimir force will break any bonds more than a certain threshold. The 25-30% delay mentioned in the Reifenschweiler effect would equate to an average population of T/4 where the bonds of these fractional T diatoms are maintaining their relativistic existence outside of the cavities and are accumulating in the population. These atoms are still contracted in a Lorentzian manner although we are actually the accelerated frame like the spacebound paradox twin and the fractional diatoms equate to the earthbound twin. The Casimir effect allows us to directly manipulate the time axis and create a gradient of inertial frames instead of the energy intense requirements of accelerating matter to near luminal speeds. The radiation is delayed from our perspective but appears normal to the diatom inside its inertial frame. When the heat is raised to 360 C the radiation is said to return to normal in the paper. This makes sense in that the free fractional diatoms in the population outside the cavities are in conflict between a diatomic bond holding them in a fractional state and the now lacking Casimir force. They are bubbles waiting to pop and when the thermal energy is shared they will be the very first to disassociate allowing the orbitals to return to normal.

In Physics clocks in different inertial frames always appear slower to the remote observer regardless of which frame happens to be more accelerated or which frame the remote observer happens to occupy similar to the way an object always appears smaller based on absolute displacement from the observer.  the Beta decay / particle emissions corresponding  Directly to the photon between the mirrors in the classic accelerated spaceship vs the stationary observer. Hard to imagine without the velocity or spatial displacement but if I am right about the cavity being a different form of relativistic action then there must be a remaining temporal axis displacement  that maintains the Lorentzian contraction of these shrunken atoms by virtue of the diatomic bond even after they exit the cavity. The Beta decay just reinforces the known Gamma property that the remote clock always appears slower, remote in this case being spatial or temporal. In which case when these Fractional tritium molecules disassociate and allow the tritium atoms to return to our common  inertial frame they should also appear older like the typical reactants in a catalytic reaction. This would align well with my theory but then begs the question where (or possibly a form of when) did the radiation go that it was never detected by the measurement device? If the space time inside the inertial frame saw all of the radiation and the meter outside the frame did not then at least portions of space in different inertial frames appear isolated from each other.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Evidence conflict for Relativistic interpretation of Casimir effect

Roarty, Francis X
Thu, 20 May 2010 07:17:01 -0700

Started on a new webpage last night on Reifenschweiler effect as Evidence for 
Relativistic interpretation of Casimir effect http://byzipp.com/animaProof.htm  
. I got knee deep into this before realizing this is in conflict with my 
working theory that Casimir effect accelerates time for "reactants" inside a 
Casimir field. I still believe the effect demonstrates a relativistic effect 
that reduces the Beta decay of tritium in titanium nano clusters of Casimir 
geometry but am putting it out here for the collective to make suggestions on 
how. The system is very similar to the Black Light Process of disassociating 
hydrogen in the skeletal catalyst of Rayney nickel but now we have an added 
"clocking" mechanism to evaluate results. The pores in Black Lights skeletal 
catalyst are on the same 10 nm scale as the titanium clusters, if 
Reifenschweiler had been looking for excess heat anomalies he might have beaten 
Mills by about 30 years. What he did observe was that the beta-decay of tritium 
half-life 12.5 years is delayed reversibly by about 25-30% when the isotope is 
absorbed in 15 nm titanium-clusters in a temperature window in between 160-275 
C. Remarkably at 360 C the original radioactivity reappears. The effect is 
absent in bulk metal.  This suggests the effect requires the Casimir geometry 
to occur and that the effect is relativistic because the Beta decay only 
remains changed while absorbed inside the clusters. The effect also  shuts off 
at 360 C which I believe is a clue that the effect can be maintained in lesser 
confinement via diatomic bonds. The shrunken gas atoms want to expand upon 
leaving the Casimir confinement but if they form a diatomic bond while shrunken 
find themselves trapped in their shrunken state by the diatomic bond between 
them. These "shrunken diatoms" accumulate in the gas population allowing the 
transient nature of the Casimir effect to accumulate into a significant portion 
of the population to the point where, IMHO, the Beta Decay of tritium measures 
25-30 % less (time dilates slower). This is of course in direct conflict with 
my previous suggestion that catalytic action might be related to Casimir effect 
and that reactants actually see every reaction as occurring at the normal rate 
from within the confinement of their cavities due to time dilation (time 
dilates faster). Any suggestions?